Diagnosis of urocystitis(cystitis), test of cystitis

Health Description
Health Consultation Description: How is cystitis diagnosed?

Expert Reply

Condition analysis:
A urine sample is given to the doctor, who sends it for testing. A urinary tract infection is deemed to be present when the number of bacteria in the urine rises over a certain threshold (usually more than 100,000/mL).

Lower UTIs are situated in the bladder (cystitis) and upper UTIs also involve the kidneys (urethral syndrome and pyelonephritis). Upper UTIs are more serious, as they affect the kidneys.

The symptoms of bacterial cystitis include: pain on passing urine, frequency of passing urine, cloudy urine, and sometimes blood in the urine. White blood cells may also be present in high levels. The symptoms of urethral syndrome are: frequency of passing urine and pain on passing urine, with low or no bacterial growth present.

Alternative cystitis treatments: Your diet plays an important role in curing cystitis. Bladder infections are often caused by E.coli bacteria. Drinking plenty of fluids throughout the day helps your body flush out bacteria and fight the infection. You should:
-- Drink 2-3 litres of fluids (water will do just fine) each day
-- Go to the bathroom as often as you need to – don't hold it in
-- Avoid drinking alcohol, coffee or citrus juices (orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit), as they can irritate the bladder
-- Avoid drinking sugary drinks
-- Drink cranberry juice to prevent future infections (this will not heal current infections but may prevent future bouts). 
-- Get more Vitamin C (for example from leafy green vegetables and tomatoes)

You should keep on drinking lots of fluids for 2-3 days after the symptoms have gone. Natural therapy can also be used to prevent cystitis, the general idea being that you should maintain a healthy immune system. Your GP can advise you on the best options and diet for preventing bladder infection (e.g. antimicrobial herbs such as garlic and parsley).

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 Key words:  UrocystitisCystitis

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