What are symptoms and signs for urinary tract infection?

Health Description
Health Consultation Description: What are symptoms for Urinary Tract Infection? Why is it apparently so common with Alzheimer's patients?

Expert Reply

Condition analysis:
This is a great question. First, the symptoms of urinary tract infections (UTI) include urgency and frequency of urination, painful urination, fever, and cloudy urine. In frail and demented elders, the symptoms of UTI can be much more subtle. They may have increased incontinence, foul smelling urine, increased confusion, abdominal pain or even boody urine.

All women are at risk for UTI. The female urethra, which is the tube that connects the bladder to the vaginal area, is shorter than a man's (they are 3 x longer). So, it is easier for the bad bacteria to travel up into the bladder of women.

As we age, we will lose estrogen due to menopause, which changes the bacterial makeup in the vaginal area. There is a marked reduction in lactobacilli (a good bacteria), which is protective. Once this bacteria is reduced, fecal bacteria like E. coli can flourish, making UTI more likely.

Next, incontinence can increase the risk of bladder infections. This is due to sitting in soiled pads or panties, which allows the bacteria to travel to the bladder more easily.

Some women will have a hard time emptying their bladders effectively due to medications or gynecological problems. If the bladder doesn't empty completely, the urine will become stagnant, which of course is a breeding ground for bacteria.

Ginger Tea: Ginger is always the essential ingredient in dealing with any condition that involved any kind of inflammation[13][14]. Prostaglandin synthesis, a process creates little messengers will be blocked by chemical make-up contained in ginger. Prostaglandins communicate about a variety of biological processes, such as inflammation. Pain signals is also transmitted to neutrons. Therefore, it can prevent inflammation, reduce current inflammation and reduce pain.

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 Key words:  Urinary tract infection

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